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Emperor Humayun's Garden Tomb

Wall Mosque

The Wall Mosque

The Wall Mosque is located just west of the South Gate on the garden's southern wall. The Wall Mosque was probably built in the "18th-19th century."1

A mosque, or masjid, is a general term used to describe a location where Muslims meet for prayer. The only common feature of a mosque is that it should have some indication to the qibla direction, usually a mihrab, to show the direction of prayer. The Wall Mosque is just a gray masonry prayer platform with a qibla wall at the western end that contains a large central niche that has a three-centered arched opening at each side. This prayer platform is about four feet high with a small cenotaph at the southeastern corner. There is a small entrance in line with the cenotaph on the eastern wall of the prayer platform that allows access to a space inside the platform that could be assumed to be a crypt.

More specifically, the Wall Mosque is considered an idgah. An idgah is a mosque that is generally only used on special occasions, in particular, Id prayers.2


1. Aga Khan Historic Cities Programme, Revitalization of the Gardens of Emperor Humayun's Tomb (Geneva: Aga Khan Trust for Culture and Nizamuddin Urban Renewal Initiative, 2003), 7.

2. Catherine B. Asher, Architecture of Mughal India (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1992), xxvi.

Illustrations

The Wall Mosque
The Wall Mosque's Eastern Elevation
Building Plan of The Wall Mosque
The Wall Mosque is comprised of a prayer platform and a qibla wall.
The Wall Mosque's qibla wall.
The Wall Mosque has a qibla wall to denote the direction of Mecca.

Additional Information

A formal bibliography is posted on the outline page.
Garden Plan The Hammam Hammam Well Nizamuddin West Gate Grave Platform Baradari NE Well SE Well Wall Wall Wall Wall Wall Wall Wall Home SW Well Tomb Plan Tomb Fountain Fountain Fountain Chadars Tanks and Channels Water Water Water Water Chadars Chadars Tanks and Channels Chadars Chadars Tanks and Channels Tanks and Channels Tanks and Channels Tanks and Channels Water Tanks and Channels Water Water Water Water Water Water Water Water Water Water Water Water Water Water Chadars Water Channels and Pools Wall Mosque Barber's Tomb Nila Gumbad Wall South Gate Fountain South Gate Chadars Tree Platform