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The Emperor Humayun's Garden Tomb

Kangura

Kangura

Kangura is a decorative pattern found directly above the molding at the top of many Mughal facades that has an alternating pattern to appear like fortification crenellation or "battlements."1 At Humayun's Garden Tomb, the kangura pattern is an optical illusion of repeated stylized floral crenellation that plays with perception of positive and negative space using the contrast between white marble and red sandstone. This bold white and red kangura can be found on the tops of the hammam, the baradari, and Humayun's Tomb. A monochrome sandstone variation of the red and white kangura can be found at the top of the West Gate, The South Gate, and The Barber's Tomb.


1. Catherine Asher, The Architecture of Mughal India (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1992), xxvi.

Illustrations

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Kangura
Kangura is a decorative patterned parapet that traces the top of Humayun's Tomb's facades and pishtaqs.
Kangura
This kangura pattern is an optical illusion of repeated stylized floral crenellation that plays on our precept ion of positive and negative space using the contrast between white marble and red sandstone.
Kangura
Tracing Crenellation over the Kangura Parapet

Additional Information

A formal bibliography is posted on the outline page.
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