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Emperor Humayun's Garden Tomb

Wall Mosque

The Garden's Wall

Although Moynihan was describing another monument with this text, it applies precisely to Humayun's Garden Tomb and its enclosure wall.

Enclosures for tombs were not unknown in India [...] The concept of setting monumental tombs within a large enclosed charbagh, however, was the Mughal's major contribution to garden architecture. The designs of tomb and garden were treated as one; the setting enhanced by the beauty of the monument. Symbolically, it was far more—as the perfect embodiment of the ancient ideal, it was the ultimate Paradise Garden. The large square enclosure, divided with geometric precision, was the ordered universe; in the center, the tomb itself rose like the cosmic mountain above the four rivers which were represented by water channels1.

Humayun's Garden Tomb's enclosure wall not only defines the space as a garden tomb but ties the garden's secondary buildings in as part of the garden. The hammam, the baradari, the Wall Mosque, the wall shared with the Nila Gumbad's site, and, most importantly, Nizam al-Din's Chilla-khana are physically joined with the enclosure wall. One could say that, in some places, Humayun's Garden Tomb's enclosure wall was constructed of rubble masonry and buildings.


1. Elizabeth B. Moynihan, Paradise as a Garden In Persia and Mughal India (New York: George Braziller, 1979), 111.

Illustrations

The Wall
Rubble Masonry
Nila Gumbad Wall
The Wall Arcade
The Wall
The wall defines the outer border of Humayun's Garden Tomb.

Additional Information

A formal bibliography is posted on the outline page.
Garden Plan The Hammam Hammam Well Nizamuddin West Gate Grave Platform Baradari NE Well SE Well Wall Wall Wall Wall Wall Wall Wall Home SW Well Tomb Plan Tomb Fountain Fountain Fountain Chadars Tanks and Channels Water Water Water Water Chadars Chadars Tanks and Channels Chadars Chadars Tanks and Channels Tanks and Channels Tanks and Channels Tanks and Channels Water Tanks and Channels Water Water Water Water Water Water Water Water Water Water Water Water Water Water Chadars Water Channels and Pools Wall Mosque Barber's Tomb Nila Gumbad Wall South Gate Fountain South Gate Chadars Tree Platform