Emperor Humayun's Garden Tomb

Double Dome

Double Dome

Humayun's Tomb actually has two domes. The massive white marble dome that Humayun's Tomb is known for is built on top of the dome that is visible as the ceiling of the cenotaph chamber. This combination is called a double dome. "The integration of drum into the inner dome creates an optimized form in order to absorb the horizontal thrust. Consequently, the outer dome becomes more stable against lateral forces when compared to a single tall drum."1 As a result of this, the dome is able to achieve greater height and gains the ability to hold a pointed bulbous form that wouldn't otherwise be possible.

1. Ali Tavakoli Dinani, Solmaz Sadeghi, and Paulo B. Lourenço, "A Double Dome Through the Ages: Building Technology and Performance of Esfahan Shah Mosque’s Dome," in Structural Analysis of Historical Constructions: An Interdisciplinary Approach, ed. Rafael. Aguilar et al. RILEM (Cham: Springer Nature Switzerland, 2019), 90.


Double Dome
Humayun's Tomb's Double Dome
Double Dome
A double dome is able to attain more height.
The combination of the tall drum and the double dome allows Humayun's Tomb's dome to soar over the mausoleum.

Additional Information

A formal bibliography is posted on the outline page.