Emperor Humayun's Garden Tomb

Dome's Drum

The Dome's Drum

A dome's drum is an architectural element that is used to lift the dome higher. At Humayun's Tomb, the dome's drum and the massive white marble double dome work together to hoist the shahada finial up above Humayun's Tomb's pishtaqs, proclaiming that Allah is the one and only god.

The dome's drum is cylindrical and has eight evenly spaced passageways for accessing the roof terrace. Above the western passageway and the eastern passageway, there is a large waterspout to redirect water when it rains.

The dome's drum has three visually distinct horizontal layers. Taking up the bottom two thirds of the drum, the base layer is surfaced with a polychromatic 6-pointed stellate lotus pattern that is articulated with coursing and bonding using two different colors of sandstone. Each shape in this pattern is embedded with a dark gray shale stylized flower symbol.1 The top layer of the dome's drum is a ring of dark brown stone muqarnas that appears like a ring of tiny corbel brackets set side by side to support a gigantic dome. A ring of white marble dressing with red sandstone trim divides the muqarnas layer from the base layer. Each layer is very different from the other, but they stack up into a single consistent transitional form to support the massive marble dome.

1. "Documentation & Studies," Nizamuddin Urban Renewal Initiative, accessed June 12, 2020,


Dome's Drum
The dome's drum is decorated with a stellate lotus pattern.
Dome's Drum
The dome's drum hoists the dome above the pishtaqs.
dome muqarnas
A defined transition from drum to double dome is created by a dark ring of stone muqarnas.

Additional Information

A formal bibliography is posted on the outline page.